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Title: The Protective Role of Self-Compassion on Risk Factors for Non-suicidal Self-Injury in Adolescence
Authors: Xavier, Ana 
Pinto-Gouveia, José 
Cunha, Marina 
Keywords: Adolescence; Depression; Self-compassion; Non-suicidal self-injury; life hassles
Issue Date: 2016
Project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/SFRH/SFRH/BD/77375/2011/PT 
Serial title, monograph or event: School Mental Health
Volume: 8
Issue: 4
Abstract: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescence is a serious public health problem. Although self-compassion is a protective factor of mental health difficulties in adult populations, its potential impact on adolescence remains scarcely explored. Therefore, we aimed to test whether self-compassion can mitigate the impact of daily peer hassles and depressive symptoms on NSSI. The participants were 643 adolescents (51.6% female) with ages between 12 and 18 years old, from middle and secondary schools. Self-report questionnaires were used to measure daily peer hassles, depressive symptoms, self-compassion and NSSI. Daily peer hassles was positively correlated with depressive symptoms and NSSI. Self-compassion was inversely associated with daily peer hassles and depressive symptoms and NSSI. Path Analysis showed that self-compassion had a moderator effect on the association between depressive symptoms and NSSI. Results suggest that self-compassion can be a protective process, as it may buffer against the impact of depressive symptoms on NSSI. This study presents preventive and clinical implications for educators and therapists working with adolescents.
DOI: 10.1007/s12310-016-9197-9
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CINEICC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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