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Title: Development of a measure for the assessment of peer-related positive emotional memories.
Authors: Ferreira, Cláudia 
Cunha, Marina 
Marta-Simões, Joana 
Duarte, Cristiana 
Matos, Marcela 
Pinto-Gouveia, José 
Keywords: affiliative peer relationships; confirmatory factor analysis; early positive memories; principal axis factoring; psychometric properties
Issue Date: Aug-2017
Citation: Ferreira, C., Cunha, M., Marta-Simões, J., Duarte, C., Matos, M. and Pinto-Gouveia, J. (2017), Development of a measure for the assessment of peer-related positive emotional memories. Psychol Psychother Theory Res Pract. Advanced Online Publication. doi:10.1111/papt.12146
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Previous research has demonstrated a link between early experiences of warmth, safeness, and soothing, and positive feelings, health, and well-being outcomes. Although the impact of positive parent-related early relationships and its posterior recall is well documented, research on the recall of warmth and safeness experiences within early peer relationships remains scarce. In fact, it is considered that the protective role of early positive peer relationships deserves intensive research; however, a specific measure that assesses this construct is still to be created. This study describes the development and validation of a new measure designed to assess the recall of early experiences of warmth, safeness, and affection in relation to peers (EMWSS-peers). DESIGN AND METHODS: Distinct samples, comprising individuals of both genders aged between 18 and 68 years old, were used to test the EMWSS-peers factorial structure through principal axis factoring (PAF) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and to examine its psychometric properties. RESULTS: Principal axis factoring's results indicated that the 12-item scale presents a one-factor structure explaining a total of 71.50% of the variance. The CFA confirmed the plausibility of this structure. The EMWSS-peers also presented excellent internal consistency and construct, concurrent, and divergent validities. CONCLUSIONS: The EMWSS-peers seems to be a new avenue for the study of memories of early experiences with friends and colleagues and may entail a relevant contribution to clinical and research fields, particularly for upcoming investigations on the relationship of peer-related affiliative memories with well-being and mental health.
DOI: 10.1111/papt.12146
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CINEICC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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