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Title: Defensive Responses to Early Memories with Peers: a Possible Pathway to Disordered Eating.
Authors: Ferreira, Cláudia 
Marta-Simões, Joana 
Trindade, Inês A. 
Keywords: defensive responses; early memories; eating disorders
Issue Date: Jul-2016
Citation: Ferreira, C., Marta-Sim??es, J., & Trindade, I. A. (2016). Defensive Responses to Early Memories with Peers: a Possible Pathway to Disordered Eating. The Spanish Journal of Psychology, 19, E45.
Abstract: Childhood and early adolescence experiences, specifically those that provide an adulthood enriched with warm and safe memories, are consistently stated in literature as powerful emotional regulators. In contrast, individuals who scarcely recall positive experiences may begin to believe that others see the self as inferior, inadequate and unattractive. In order to cope with a perceived loss of social desirability and achieve other's acceptance, individuals may become submissive, and women, particularly, may resort to the presentation of a perfect body image. Both mechanisms are defensive responses suggested to be associated with mental health difficulties, particularly disordered eating behaviors. The present study aimed at exploring the association between early memories of warmth and safeness with peers and eating psychopathology. Also, a path analysis was conducted to investigate the mediator role of submissiveness and perfectionistic self-presentation focused on body image on this association, in a sample of 342 female students. Results revealed that the absence of early positive memories with peers holds a significant effect over eating psychopathology's severity, and also that this effect is mediated through submissiveness and body image-related perfectionistic self-presentation. This model accounted for 13%, 19% and 51% of submissiveness, perfectionistic self-presentation of body image and eating psychopathology's variances, respectively, and showed excellent model fit.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CINEICC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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