Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/44815
Title: North and South Hemispheric Solar Activity for Cycles 21 – 23: Asymmetry and Conditional Volatility of Plage Region Areas
Authors: Gonçalves, Esmeralda 
Mendes-Lopes, Nazaré 
Dorotovič, I. 
Fernandes, J. M. 
Garcia, A. 
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Springer
Project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/COMPETE/132981/PT 
Serial title, monograph or event: Solar Physics
Volume: 289
Issue: 6
Abstract: We study the dynamic evolution of the time series describing the plage regions areas observed daily at the Observatório Astronómico da Universidade de Coimbra, in each one of the solar hemispheres during solar cycles 21 – 23. The classical ARMA model has proven to be insufficient to describe the time variations seen in the data because of the strong conditional variability. We found that the data are well fitted by ARMA mixed with power-δ TGARCH error models. The power index δ is non-integer; this property has recently been introduced in the literature on time-series analyses and indicates the presence of strong volatility and long memory in the data series. We also detected dynamic asymmetry in the plage region areas observed in the two hemispheres when two different temporal models were obtained to fit them. The finding of a dynamic asymmetry is also supported by the dynamic evolution of the daily difference (north–south) time series, which is significantly different from white noise. This statistical modeling of time series, taking into account new and different characteristics of the solar activity, will be very useful in subsequent forecast developments.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10316/44815
Other Identifiers: 10.1007/s11207-013-0448-8
DOI: 10.1007/s11207-013-0448-8
Rights: embargoedAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CMUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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