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Title: Neutron reactions and nuclear cosmo-chronology
Authors: Mosconi, M. 
Heil, M. 
Käppeler, F. 
Mengoni, A. 
Plag, R. 
Fujii, K. 
Gallino, R. 
Aerts, G. 
Terlizzi, R. 
Abbondanno, U. 
Álvarez-Pol, H. 
Marques, L. 
Marrone, S. 
Mastinu, P. 
Milazzo, P. M. 
Moreau, C. 
Neves, F. 
Oberhummer, H. 
Oshima, M. 
O'Brien, S. 
Pancin, J. 
Rosetti, M. 
Papachristodoulou, C. 
Papadopoulos, C. 
Paradela, C. 
Patronis, N. 
Pavlik, A. 
Pavlopoulos, P. 
Perrot, L. 
Plompen, A. 
Plukis, A. 
Poch, A. 
Rubbia, C. 
Pretel, C. 
Quesada, J. 
Rauscher, T. 
Reifarth, R. 
Rudolf, G. 
Rullhusen, P. 
Salgado, J. 
Sarchiapone, L. 
Savvidis, I. 
Stephan, C. 
Tagliente, G. 
Tain, J. L. 
Alvarez-Velarde, F. 
Tassan-Got, L. 
Tavora, L. 
Vannini, G. 
Vaz, P. 
Ventura, A. 
Villamarin, D. 
Vincente, M. C. 
Vlachoudis, V. 
Vlastou, R. 
Voss, F. 
Andriamonje, S. 
Walter, S. 
Wendler, H. 
Wiescher, M. 
Wisshak, K. 
Andrzejewski, J. 
Assimakopoulos, P. 
Audouin, L. 
Badurek, G. 
Baumann, P. 
Becvár, F. 
Berthoumieux, E. 
Bisterzo, S. 
Calviño, F. 
Cano-Ott, D. 
Capote, R. 
Carrillo de Albornoz, A. 
Cennini, P. 
Chepel, V. 
Chiaveri, E. 
Colonna, N. 
Cortes, G. 
Couture, A. 
Cox, J. 
Dahlfors, M. 
David, S. 
Dillman, I. 
Dolfini, R. 
Domingo Pardo, C. 
Dridi, W. 
Duran, I. 
Eleftheriadis, C. 
Embid-Segura, M. 
Ferrant, L. 
Ferrari, A. 
Ferreira-Marques, R. 
Fitzpatrick, L. 
Frais-Koelbl, H. 
Furman, W. 
Goncalves, I. 
Gonzalez-Romero, E. 
Goverdovski, A. 
Gramegna, F. 
Griesmayer, E. 
Guerrero, C. 
Gunsing, F. 
Haas, B. 
Haight, R. 
Herrera-Martinez, A. 
Igashira, M. 
Isaev, S. 
Jericha, E. 
Kadi, Y. 
Karamanis, D. 
Karadimos, D. 
Kerveno, M. 
Ketlerov, V. 
Koehler, P. 
Konovalov, V. 
Kossionides, E. 
Krticka, M. 
Lamboudis, C. 
Leeb, H. 
Lindote, A. 
Lopes, I. 
Lozano, M. 
Lukic, S. 
Marganiec, J. 
Keywords: Re/Os cosmo-chronometer; s process; Stellar cross sections; Neutron capture; Inelastic scattering
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics. 59:1 (2007) 165-173
Abstract: The [beta]-decay of 187Re represents a suited cosmo-chronometer for the age of the r-process abundances, since the radiogenic part of the daughter isotope 187Os is defined by the difference between the solar 187Os abundance and s-process contribution to 187Os. The latter component can be determined via the s-process systematics based on the stellar neutron capture cross sections of 186Os and 187Os. The laboratory cross section of 187Os requires a significant correction for the effect of the low-lying excited state at 9.75 keV, which is strongly populated under stellar conditions. This theoretical correction can be improved by an experimental cross section for inelastic scattering to the 9.75 keV state. High resolution time-of-flight measurements of (n,[gamma]) cross sections of 186,187,188Os from 1 eV to 1 MeV at CERN n_TOF facility are reported. The inferred stellar cross sections differ from previously recommended values. In addition, the inelastic scattering cross section has been measured at 30 keV neutron energy via time-of-flight at the Karlsruhe 3.7 MV Van de Graaff. The implications of these results for the Re/Os clock are discussed.
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Física - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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