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|Title:||Dimethylaminopyridine derivatives of lupane triterpenoids cause mitochondrial disruption and induce the permeability transition||Authors:||Bernardo, Telma C.
Serafim, Teresa L.
Moreno, António M.
Oliveira, Paulo J.
|Keywords:||Animals; Antineoplastic Agents; Breast Neoplasms; Cell Line; Cell Line, Tumor; Cell Respiration; Female; Humans; Male; Melanoma; Membrane Potentials; Mitochondria, Liver; Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins; Permeability; Pyridines; Rats; Rats, Wistar; Triterpenes||Issue Date:||Dec-2013||Serial title, monograph or event:||Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry||Volume:||21||Issue:||23||Abstract:||Triterpenoids are a large class of naturally occurring compounds, and some potentially interesting as anticancer agents have been found to target mitochondria. The objective of the present work was to investigate the mechanisms of mitochondrial toxicity induced by novel dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP) derivatives of pentacyclic triterpenes, which were previously shown to inhibit the growth of melanoma cells in vitro. MCF-7, Hs 578T and BJ cell lines, as well as isolated hepatic mitochondria, were used to investigate direct mitochondrial effects. On isolated mitochondrial hepatic fractions, respiratory parameters, mitochondrial transmembrane electric potential, induction of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore and ion transport-dependent osmotic swelling were measured. Our results indicate that the DMAP triterpenoid derivatives lead to fragmentation and depolarization of the mitochondrial network in situ, and to inhibition of uncoupled respiration, induction of the permeability transition pore and depolarization of isolated hepatic mitochondria. The results show that mitochondrial toxicity is an important component of the biological interaction of DMAP derivatives, which can explain the effects observed in cancer cells.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10316/41107||Other Identifiers:||10.1016/j.bmc.2013.09.066||DOI:||10.1016/j.bmc.2013.09.066||Rights:||openAccess|
|Appears in Collections:||I&D CNC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais|
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