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Title: Amelogenesis imperfecta in an early 20th century population from central Portugal
Authors: Wasterlain, S. N. 
Dias, G. J. 
Keywords: Amelogenesis imperfecta; Dentinogenesis imperfecta; Hereditary opalescent dentin; Oral pathology; Identified osteological collections
Issue Date: 2009
Serial title, monograph or event: International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Volume: 19
Issue: 3
Abstract: This paper details differential diagnosis of unusual tooth morphology observed in two adult males from the identified osteological collections held at the Museum of Anthropology of the Coimbra University (Portugal). The differential diagnosis is based on the morphological and radiographic analysis of the teeth of these individuals and gave rise to several possible pathological conditions, namely, regurgitation erosion, mottled enamel due to fluorosis, dentinogenesis imperfecta, amelogenesis imperfecta and osteogenesis imperfecta. Of these, amelogenesis imperfecta remains the most probable cause for one individual and although dentinogenesis imperfecta was considered for the other based on the morphological features, the final diagnosis was changed to the former based on accurate radiological evidence. Since there are only a few reported cases of both these conditions in the osteoarchaeological literature, we find it to be interesting and important to report these two cases. Besides, the scarcity of reports in the paleopathology literature, compared to the prevalence of these tooth structure anomalies in living populations, lead us to consider amelogenesis imperfecta and dentinogenesis imperfecta to be probably misdiagnosed, and hence under reported.
Other Identifiers: 10.1002/oa.972
DOI: 10.1002/oa.972
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIAS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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