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Title: Hordes of Rapists: The Instrumentalization of Sexual Violence in German Cold War Anti-Communist Discourses
Authors: Garraio, Júlia 
Keywords: Anti-communism; Adenauer era; Flucht und Vertreibung (flight and expulsion); Sexual violence; Xenophobia
Issue Date: Oct-2013
Publisher: Centro de Estudos Sociais
Project: info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/FCT/SFRH/SFRH/BPD/28207/2006/PT 
Serial title, monograph or event: RCCS Annual Review
Issue: 5
Place of publication or event: Coimbra
Abstract: In German Cold War anti-communist discourses, the image of the Red Army as a “horde of rapists” worked as a strategy of exclusion in the construction of a national identity based on “Western values.” This paper analyzes the ideological dimension of the stereotypes of raped women and constructions of masculinity in two emblematic texts about the flight and expulsion of Germans from Eastern and Central Europe, and an anti-communist American propaganda novel. The mass rapes of German women in the context of World War II were signified as the result of “Asian barbarism” and communism. The instrumentalization of wartime rapes, by demonizing the Soviet Union, fostered the two pillars of foreign policy in the Federal Republic: European integration and the transatlantic alliance.
ISSN: 1647-3175
Other Identifiers: 10.4000/rccsar.476
DOI: 10.4000/rccsar.476
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Nacionais

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