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Title: Diabetes induces changes in KIF1A, KIF5B and dynein distribution in the rat retina: implications for axonal transport
Authors: Baptista, Filipa I. 
Pinto, Maria J. 
Elvas, Filipe 
Martins, Tiago 
Almeida, Ramiro D. 
Ambrósio, António F. 
Keywords: Diabetes; Retina; Axonal transport; Kinesin; Dynein
Issue Date: Oct-2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: BAPTISTA, Filipa I. [et. al] - Diabetes induces changes in KIF1A, KIF5B and dynein distribution in the rat retina: implications for axonal transport. "Experimental Eye Research". ISSN 0014-4835. Vol. 127 (2014) p. 91–103
Serial title, monograph or event: Experimental Eye Research
Volume: 127
Abstract: Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness. Disruption of axonal transport is associated with many neurodegenerative diseases and might also play a role in diabetes-associated disorders affecting nervous system. We investigated the impact of type 1 diabetes (2 and 8 weeks duration) on KIF1A, KIF5B and dynein motor proteins in the retina. Additionally, since hyperglycemia is considered the main trigger of diabetic complications, we investigated whether prolonged exposure to elevated glucose could affect the content and distribution of motor proteins in retinal cultures. The immunoreactivity of motor proteins was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in retinal sections and by immunoblotting in total retinal extracts from streptozotocin-induced diabetic and age-matched control animals. Primary retinal cultures were exposed to high glucose (30 mM) or mannitol (osmotic control; 24.5 mM plus 5.5 mM glucose), for seven days. Diabetes decreased the content of KIF1A at 8 weeks of diabetes as well as KIF1A immunoreactivity in the majority of retinal layers, except for the photoreceptor and outer nuclear layer. Changes in KIF5B immunoreactivity were also detected by immunohistochemistry in the retina at 8 weeks of diabetes, being increased at the photoreceptor and outer nuclear layer, and decreased in the ganglion cell layer. Regarding dynein immunoreactivity there was an increase in the ganglion cell layer after 8 weeks of diabetes. No changes were detected in retinal cultures. These alterations suggest that axonal transport may be impaired under diabetes, which might contribute to early signs of neural dysfunction in the retina of diabetic patients and animal models.
ISSN: 0014-4835
DOI: 10.1016/j.exer.2014.07.011
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CNC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D IBILI - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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