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Title: Polar marine biology science in Portugal and Spain: Recent advances and future perspectives
Authors: Xavier, José C. 
Barbosa, Andrés 
Agustí, Susana 
Alonso-Sáez, Laura 
Alvito, Pedro 
Ameneiro, Julia 
Ávila, Conxita 
Baeta, Alexandra 
Canário, João 
Carmona, Raquel 
Catry, Paulo 
Ceia, Filipe 
Clark, Melody S. 
Cristobo, Francisco J. 
Cruz, Bruno 
Duarte, Carlos M. 
Figuerola, Blanca 
Gili, Josep-Maria 
Gonçalves, Ana R. 
Gordillo, Francisco J. L. 
Granadeiro, José P. 
Guerreiro, Miguel 
Isla, Enrique 
Jiménez, Carlos 
López-González, Pablo J, 
Lourenço, Sílvia 
Marques, J. C. 
Moreira, Elena 
Mota, Ana M. 
Nogueira, Marta 
Núñez-Pons, Laura 
Orejas, Covadonga 
Paiva, Vitor H. 
Palanques, Albert 
Pearson, Gareth A. 
Pedrós-Alió, Carlos 
Cantero, Álvaro L. Peña 
Power, Deborah M. 
Ramos, J. A. 
Rossi, Sergi 
Seco, José 
Sañé, Elisabet 
Serrão, Ester A. 
Taboada, Sergi 
Tavares, Sílvia 
Teixidó, Núria 
Vaqué, Dolors 
Valente, Tiago 
Vásquez, Elsa 
Vieira, Rui P. 
Viñegla, Benjamin 
Keywords: Polar science; Arctic; Antarctic; Marine biology; Portugal; Spain
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Sea Research
Volume: 83
Issue: Nº Especial
Abstract: Polar marine ecosystems have global ecological and economic importance because of their unique biodiversity and their major role in climate processes and commercial fisheries, among others. Portugal and Spain have been highly active in a wide range of disciplines in marine biology of the Antarctic and the Arctic. The main aim of this paper is to provide a synopsis of some of the results and initiatives undertaken by Portuguese and Spanish polar teams within the field of marine sciences, particularly on benthic and pelagic biodiversity (species diversity and abundance, including microbial, molecular, physiological and chemical mechanisms in polar organisms), conservation and ecology of top predators (particularly penguins, albatrosses and seals), and pollutants and evolution of marine organisms associated with major issues such as climate change, ocean acidification and UV radiation effects. Both countries have focused their polar research more in the Antarctic than in the Arctic. Portugal and Spain should encourage research groups to continue increasing their collaborations with other countries and develop multi-disciplinary research projects, as well as to maintain highly activememberships within major organizations, such as the Scientific Committee for Antarctic Research (SCAR), the International Arctic Science Council (IASC) and the Association of Polar Early Career Scientists (APECS), and in international research projects.
DOI: 10.1016/j.seares.2013.05.013
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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