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Title: Implementing Human Rights standards and the dialogue with local actors: the case of the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
Authors: Pereira, Pascoal Santos 
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de Coimbra
Series/Report no.: Comunicações
Abstract: This paper is a short overview of the research I have been carrying within my PhD project. I am looking for new approaches on how to conceive the ideal of national self-determination in multiethnic communities in which different national groups are spatially intertwined and where there are no direct match between nation and territory. I claim that the current understanding of self-determination, as equivalent to political independence (or external self-determination), is not enough as a step toward the full emancipation of all the members of the community. I intend to explore alternative dimensions of self-determination so this concept can encompass a more inclusive, long-standing and dynamic understanding and sideline a whole set of contradictions which lay at its basis. I sought to avoid a merely political and institutional top-down approach on the protection of minorities, since these do not necessarily include social and economic dynamics which are central for the effective emancipation of individuals. Far from claiming that the political independence of a distinctive community is not an important element for its self-determination, I claim instead that a mere political approach to this concept might represent nothing more than the mere political control of a given territory by a new local elite; that would not add much to the daily lives of the population, even if they formally participate in political processes through regular elections. As to the protection of minorities, the Framework Convention on the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM, 1995), within the framework of the Council of Europe (CoE), can be an interesting conventional starting point for my analysis, since it is the first (and the sole so far) international binding document specifically focused on minorities’ human rights. The monitoring system of the FCNM includes both state reports and NGO “shadow reports”, whose inputs are taken into account when the CoE Committee of Ministers drafts its Resolution on the periodic monitoring cycles. In a first section, I will elaborate a little more on my argument and how I came to question the current practice of self-determination as political independence. The second section will be centered on the CoE and the building up of a European set of conventions, protocols and standard on human rights. Finally, the last section will explore the dialogue between the Republic of Macedonia, the Advisory Committee of the Framework-Convention (ACFC) and the local NGOs, as a platform where these different actors can interact in a horizontal and constructive manner.
Description: Texto da comunicação apresentada a 54th ISA Annual Convention, San Francisco, EUA 3-6 April 2013
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FEUC- Artigos em Revistas Nacionais

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