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Title: Image-driven parameter estimation in absorption-diffusion models of chromoscopy
Authors: Figueiredo, Isabel N. 
Figueiredo, Pedro 
Almeida, Nuno 
Keywords: Inverse problem; PDE-constrained optimization; Lagrange multiplier; Absorption-diffusion equation
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Centro de Matemática da Universidade de Coimbra
Citation: Pré-Publicações DMUC. 10-20 (2010)
Serial title, monograph or event: Pré-Publicações DMUC
Issue: 10-20
Place of publication or event: Coimbra
Abstract: The administration of dyes and subsequent examination, with a colorimetry visual criterium, is a gastroenterology procedure for distinguishing, in endoscopic images, normal and aberrant colonic crypts. These are thought to be possible precursors of colon cancer. In this paper a combined image segmentation and parameter estimation model is proposed for in vivo colonic crypts’ images, obtained with chromoscopic colonoscopy. The parameter estimation is an inverse problem. It is formulated as a partial differential equation constrained optimization problem, and involves an absorption-diffusion equation. A Lagrange multiplier formulation is employed and analyzed for resolving this inverse problem. Using only the segmentation of the medical endoscopic image, which separates normal and aberrant crypts, the mathematical model, proposed in this paper, performs a non invasive mathematical, and dimensionless, quantification of the dye absorption and diffusion coefficients, as well as, the dye absorbed, in normal and aberrant colonic crypts. This mathematical quantification can be important for clinicians, if it is able to provide a distinction between individuals with and without cancer. Numerical simulations, on a test image and on some medical endoscopic images, are presented for the validation and evaluation of the proposed mathematical model
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Matemática - Vários

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