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Title: Effects of calmodulin antagonists on the active Ca2+ uptake by rat liver mitochondria
Authors: Vale, M. G. P. 
Moreno, A. J. M. 
Carvalho, A. P. 
Issue Date: 15-Sep-1983
Publisher: Portland Press
Citation: Biochemical Journal. 214:3 (1983) 929–935
Serial title, monograph or event: Biochemical Journal
Issue: 214:3
Abstract: The mechanism of Ca2+ transport by rat liver mitochondria was investigated with respect to the possible involvement of calmodulin in this process. We studied the action of exogenous calmodulin isolated from brain tissue on the Ca2+-transport system, as well as the effect of two types of calmodulin antagonists; the phenothiazine drugs trifluoperazine and chlorpromazine and the more specific substance compound 48/80. Our results show that Ca2+ transport by mitochondria and mitochondrial ATPase activity are insensitive to exogenous calmodulin, although they can be inhibited by the phenothiazines. Since no effect of compound 48/80 was observed, we believe that the phenothiazines act through a mechanism that does not involve calmodulin. This is in accord with our inability to locate significant quantities of calmodulin in mitochondria by radioimmunoassay analysis. Our results further show that trifluoperazine and chlorpromazine also inhibit the electron-carrier system of the respiratory chain, and this effect may mediate their inhibitory action on Ca2+ transport when it is energized by respiration instead of ATP hydrolysis
ISSN: 0306-3283
DOI: 10.1042/bj2140929
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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