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Title: Spherical voids in the stabilized jellium model: Rigorous theorems and Padé representation of the void-formation energy
Authors: Ziesche, Paul 
Perdew, John P. 
Fiolhais, Carlos 
Issue Date: 15-Mar-1994
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Citation: Physical Review B. 49:12 (1994) 7916-7928
ZIESCHE, Paul ; PERDEW, John P. ; FIOLHAIS, Carlos – Spherical voids in the stabilized jellium model: rigorous theorems and Padé representation of the void formation energy. Physical Review. B : Condensed Matter. New York : American Institute of Physics. ISSN 0163-1829. Vol. 49, n.º 12 (1994), p. 7916-7928.
Abstract: We consider the energy needed to form a spherical hole or void in a simple metal, modeled as ordinary jellium or stabilized jellium. (Only the latter model correctly predicts positive formation energies for voids in high-density metals.) First we present two Hellmann-Feynman theorems for the void-formation energy 4πR2σRv(n¯) as a function of the void radius R and the positive-background density n¯, which may be used to check the self-consistency of numerical calculations. They are special cases of more-general relationships for partially emptied or partially stabilized voids. The difference between these two theorems has an analog for spherical clusters. Next we link the small-R expansion of the void surface energy (from perturbation theory) with the large-R expansion (from the liquid drop model) by means of a Padé approximant without adjustable parameters. For a range of sizes (including the monovacancy and its ‘‘antiparticle,’’ the atom), we compare void formation energies and cohesive energies calculated by the liquid drop expansion (sum of volume, surface, and curvature energy terms), by the Padé form, and by self-consistent Kohn-Sham calculations within the local-density approximation, against experimental values. Thus we confirm that the domain of validity of the liquid drop model extends down almost to the atomic scale of sizes. From the Padé formula, we estimate the next term of the liquid drop expansion beyond the curvature energy term. The Padé form suggests a ‘‘generalized liquid drop model,’’ which we use to estimate the edge and step-formation energies on an Al (111) surface
ISSN: 0163-1829
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.49.7916
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Física - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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