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Title: Parenting Culture(s): Ideal-Parent Beliefs Across 37 Countries
Authors: Lin, Gao-Xian
Mikolajczak, Moïra
Keller, Heidi
Akgun, Ege
Arikan, Gizem
Aunola, Kaisa
Barham, Elizabeth
Besson, Eliane
Blanchard, M. Annelise
Boujut, Emilie
Brianda, Maria Elena
Brytek-Matera, Anna
César, Filipa
Chen, Bin-Bin
Dorard, Géraldine
dos Santos Elias, Luciana Carla
Dunsmuir, Sandra
Egorova, Natalia
Escobar, Maria Josefina
Favez, Nicolas
Fontaine, Anne Marie
Foran, Heather
Furutani, Kaichiro
Gannagé, Myrna
Gaspar, Maria 
Godbout, Lucie
Goldenberg, Amit
Gross, James J.
Gurza, Maria Ancuta
Hatta, Ogma
Heeren, Alexandre
Helmy, Mai
Huynh, Mai-Trang
Kaneza, Emérence
Kawamoto, Taishi
Kellou, Nassima
Kpassagou, Bassantéa Lodegaèna
Lazarevic, Ljiljana
Le Vigouroux, Sarah
Lebert-Charron, Astrid
Leme, Vanessa
MacCann, Carolyn
Manrique-Millones, Denisse
Medjahdi, Oussama
Millones Rivalles, Rosa Bertha
Miranda Orrego, María Isabel
Miscioscia, Marina
Mousavi, Seyyedeh Fatemeh
Moutassem-Mimouni, Badra
Murphy, Hugh
Ndayizigiye, Alexis
Ngnombouowo, Tenkue Josué
Olderbak, Sally
Ornawka, Sophie
Cádiz, Daniela Oyarce
Pérez-Díaz, Pablo A.
Petrides, Konstantinos
Prikhidko, Alena
Salinas-Quiroz, Fernando
Santelices, Maria-Pia
Schrooyen, Charlotte
Silva, Paola
Simonelli, Alessandra
Sorkkila, Matilda
Stănculescu, Elena
Starchenkova, Elena
Szczygieł, Dorota
Tapia, Javier
Tremblay, Melissa
Tri, Thi Minh Thuy
Üstündağ-Budak, A. Meltem
Valdés Pacheco, Maday
van Bakel, Hedwig
Verhofstadt, Lesley
Wendland, Jaqueline
Yotanyamaneewong, Saengduean
Roskam, Isabelle
Keywords: parental beliefs; automated content analysis; positive parenting; qualitative and quantitative methods; semantic network analysis
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: SAGE
Project: Coordinated Research Grant from the French Community of Belgium (ARC Grant no. 19/24-100) 
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume: 54
Issue: 1
Abstract: What is it to be “an ideal parent”? Does the answer differ across countries and social classes? To answer these questions in a way that minimizes bias and ethnocentrism, we used openended questions to explore ideal-parent beliefs among 8,357 mothers and 3,517 fathers from 37 countries. Leximancer Semantic Network Analysis was utilized to first determine parenting culture zones (i.e., countries with shared ideal-parent beliefs) and then extract the predominant themes and concepts in each culture zone. The results yielded specific types of ideal-parent beliefs in five parenting culture zones: being “responsible and children/family-focused” for Asian parents, being “responsible and proper demeanor-focused” for African parents, and being “loving and responsible” for Hispanic-Italian parents. Although the most important themes and concepts were the same in the final two zones—being “loving and patient,” there were subtle differences: English-speaking, European Union, and Russian parents emphasized “being caring,” while French-speaking parents valued “listening” or being “present.” Ideal-parent beliefs also differed by education levels within culture zones, but no general pattern was discerned across culture zones. These findings suggest that the country in which parents were born cannot fully explain their differences in ideal-parent beliefs and that differences arising from social class or education level cannot be dismissed. Future research should consider how these differences affect the validity of the measurements in question and how they can be incorporated into parenting intervention research within and across cultures.
ISSN: 0022-0221
DOI: 10.1177/00220221221123043
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FPCEUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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