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Title: Comics in Science and Health Communication: Insights From Mutual Collaboration and Framing a Research Practice
Authors: Tavares, Rui 
Alemany-Pagès, Mireia
Araújo, Sara 
Cohn, Neil
Santos, João Ramalho 
Azul, Anabela Marisa 
Keywords: comics research practice; inter/trans/disciplinary research; mutual collaboration; reflexivity; visual metaphor; multimodality; non-alcoholic fatty liver disease; science learning; health promotion; visual methods
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: SAGE
Project: FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia –, under the project SFRH/BD/136900/2018 
Decree Law 57/2016 (amended by Law 57/2017) 
UIDB/04539/2020 and LA/P/0058/2020 
CENTRO-01-0145-FEDER- 000012-HealthyAging2020 
European Union’s Horizon 2020, Research and Innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie, project FOIE GRAS (Grant Agreement No. 722619) 
Serial title, monograph or event: International Journal of Qualitative Methods
Volume: 22
Abstract: Comics have been used as a tool for learning, teaching, understanding, raising awareness and changing behaviours. Researchers are taking more advantage of this medium as comics in research has become a growing field. Notwithstanding, comics as research practice/method has received less attention, particularly the research framework involved in making comics. Here, we detail the research process through the drawing to create a comic about non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We argue that deciding on visual choices intersecting the perspectives of both artist and researchers whilst promoting reflexivity can be best understood through mutual collaboration. We depict examples of how the active inter/trans/disciplinary research environment, incorporating perceptions, experiences, tensions, from the artist and researchers, and respective disciplines, also informed by patient testimonies, resulted in (new) meanings and ways of thinking in terms of visual content and structure. Particularly when creating the characters and when using multimodality and resources afforded by comics –visual metaphor, anthropomorphism, and scientific sketchnote–, to portray the human body and bring familiarity and simplicity to complex cellular and metabolic events. We end with a comic strip framing comics as research practice, outlining the active engagement during the drawing processes and the research framework that combined a mixed method research approach for creating a tool useful towards understanding science and health promotion.
ISSN: 1609-4069
DOI: 10.1177/16094069231183118
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CIBB - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
IIIUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CNC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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