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Title: Bone Mineral Density through DEXA and CBCT: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis
Authors: Francisco, Inês 
Nunes, Catarina 
Pereira, Flávia 
Travassos, Raquel 
Ribeiro, Madalena Prata 
Marques, Filipa 
McEvoy, Mariana 
Santos, Mariana 
Oliveira, Catarina 
Marto, Carlos Miguel 
Caramelo, Francisco 
Paula, Anabela Baptista 
Vale, Francisco 
Keywords: cone beam computed tomography; absorptiometry; Photon; bone density
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: MDPI
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume: 13
Issue: 10
Abstract: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry is used to determine bone density in several pathologies, namely osteoporosis and fracture risk in post-menopausal women. The aim of this study was to identify, appraise and synthesize all available evidence about the correlation between Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) and Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) techniques through a systematic review. A systematic literature search was conducted in the following databases: PubMed via MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, EMBASE andWeb of Science Core Collection, along with several sources of grey literature. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tools were used to perform the qualitative assessment of the selected studies. A total of 913 articles were initially scrutinized and 11 were included for qualitative analysis, of which 3 were included in a meta-analysis. Most of the included studies revealed a low risk of bias (7 out of 11). A strong correlation (min r = 0.46 max r = 0.62) between DEXA and CBCT values were found. Thus, opportunistic CBCT scans may be used to assess the bone mineral density and fracture risk, improving the ability to track disease progression and providing better care.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app13105962
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIBB - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D ICBR - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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