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Title: A compact dication source for Ba2+ tagging and heavy metal ion sensor development
Authors: Navarro, K.E.
Baeza-Rubio, J.
Boyd, M.
Foss, F.W.
Giri, S.
Jones, B.J.P.
Miller, R.L.
Nygren, D.R.
Samaniego, F.J.
Stogsdill, K.
Tiscareno, M.R.
Adams, C.
Almazán, H.
Álvarez, V. 
Aparicio, B.
Aranburu, A.I.
Arazi, L. 
Arnquist, I.J.
Ayet, S.
Azevedo, C.D.R.
Bailey, K.
Ballester, F.
del Barrio-Torregrosa, M.
Bayo, A.
Benlloch-Rodríguez, J.M.
Borges, F. I. G. M. 
Bounasser, S.
Byrnes, N.
Cárcel, S.
Carrión, J.V.
Cebrián, S.
Church, E.
Cid, L.
Conde, C. A. N. 
Contreras, T.
Cossío, F.P.
Dey, E.
Díaz, G.
Dickel, T.
Elorza, M.
Escada, J. 
Esteve, R. 
Fahs, A.
Felkai, R.
Fernandes, L. M. P. 
Ferrario, P. 
Ferreira, A. L. 
Freitas, E. D. C. 
Freixa, Z.
Generowicz, J.
Goldschmidt, A. 
Gomez-Cadenas, J. J. 
González, R.
Grocott, J.
Guenette, R.
Haefner, J.
Hafidi, K.
Hauptman, J. 
Henriques, C. A. O. 
Hernando Morata, J.A.
Herrero-Gómez, P.
Herrero, V.
Hervés Carrete, C.
Ho, J.
Ho, P.
Ifergan, Y.
Labarga, L. 
Larizgoitia, L.
Lebrun, P. 
Lopez, F. G. 
Lopez Gutierrez, D.
López-March, N. 
Madigan, R.
Mano, R.D.P. 
Marques, A. P. 
Martín-Albo, J. 
Martínez-Lema, G. 
Martínez-Vara, M.
Meziani, Z.E.
Mistry, K.
Monrabal, F. 
Monteiro, C. M. B. 
Mora, F. J. 
Muñoz Vidal, J.
Novella, P. 
Nuñez, A.
Oblak, E.
Odriozola-Gimeno, M.
Palacio, J.
Palmeiro, B. 
Para, A. 
Parmaksiz, I.
Pelegrin, J.
Pérez Maneiro, M.
Querol, M. 
Redwine, A.B.
Renner, J. 
Rivilla, I.
Rodríguez, J. 
Rogero, C.
Rogers, L.
Romeo, B.
Romo-Luque, C.
Santos, F. P. 
Santos, J. M. F. dos 
Simón, A. 
Soleti, S.R.
Sorel, M. 
Stanford, C.
Teixeira, J. M. R. 
Toledo, J. F. 
Torrent, J. 
Usón, A.
Veloso, J. F. C. A. 
Vuong, T. T.
Waiton, J.
White, J. T. 
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing
Project: This work was supported by the US Department of Energy under awards DE-SC0019054 and DESC0019223, the US National Science Foundation under award number NSF CHE 2004111 and the Robert A Welch Foundation under award number Y-2031-20200401 (University of Texas Arlington). FJS was supported by the DOE Nuclear Physics Traineeship Program award DE-SC0022359. The NEXT Collaboration also acknowledges support from the following agencies and institutions: the European Research Council (ERC) under Grant Agreement No. 951281-BOLD; the European Union’s Framework Programme for Research and Innovation Horizon 2020 (2014–2020) under Grant Agreement No. 957202-HIDDEN; the MCIN/AEI of Spain and ERDF A way of making Europe under grants RTI2018-095979 and PID2021-125475NB , the Severo Ochoa Program grant CEX2018-000867-S and the Ramón y Cajal program grant RYC-2015-18820; the Generalitat Valenciana of Spain under grants PROMETEO/2021/087 and CIDEGENT/2019/049; the Department of Education of the Basque Government of Spain under the predoctoral training program nondoctoral research personnel; the Portuguese FCT under project UID/FIS/04559/2020 to fund the activities of LIBPhys-UC; the Israel Science Foundation (ISF) under grant 1223/21; the Pazy Foundation (Israel) under grants 310/22, 315/19 and 465; the US Department of Energy under contracts number DE-AC02-06CH11357 (Argonne National Laboratory), DE-AC02-07CH11359 (Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory), DE-FG02-13ER42020 (Texas A&M). Finally, we are grateful to the Laboratorio Subterraneo de Canfranc for hosting and supporting the NEXT experiment. 
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Instrumentation
Volume: 18
Issue: 07
Abstract: We present a tunable metal ion beam that delivers controllable ion currents in the picoamp range for testing of dry-phase ion sensors. Ion beams are formed by sequential atomic evaporation and single or multiple electron impact ionization, followed by acceleration into a sensing region. Controllability of the ionic charge state is achieved through tuning of electrode potentials that influence the retention time in the ionization region. Barium, lead, and cobalt samples have been used to test the system, with ion currents identified and quantified using a quadrupole mass analyzer. Realization of a clean Ba2¸ ion beam within a bench-top system represents an important technical advance toward the development and characterization of barium tagging systems for neutrinoless double beta decay searches in xenon gas. This system also provides a testbed for investigation of novel ion sensing methodologies for environmental assay applications, with dication beams of Pb2¸ and Cd2¸ also demonstrated for this purpose.
ISSN: 1748-0221
DOI: 10.1088/1748-0221/18/07/P07044
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:LIP - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
FCTUC Física - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
LIBPhys - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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