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Title: Diabetes alters KIF1A and KIF5B motor proteins in the hippocampus
Authors: Baptista, Filipa I. 
Pinto, Maria J. 
Elvas, Filipe 
Almeida, Ramiro D. 
Ambrósio, A. Francisco 
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Project: This work was supported by PEst-C/SAU/UI3282/2011 and PEst2/SAU/LA0001/2011 (FCT, Portugal, and COMPETE). Filipa I. Baptista and Maria J. Pinto acknowledge fellowships from Fundac¸a˜o para a Cieˆncia e a Tecnologia, Portugal (SFRH/BD/35961/2007 and SFRH/BD/51196/2010, respectively). Ramiro D. Almeida is supported by FCT and COMPETE (PTDC/SAU-NEU/104100/2008) and by Marie Curie Actions, 7th Famework programme 
Serial title, monograph or event: PLoS ONE
Volume: 8
Issue: 6
Abstract: Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder in humans. Diabetic encephalopathy is characterized by cognitive and memory impairments, which have been associated with changes in the hippocampus, but the mechanisms underlying those impairments triggered by diabetes, are far from being elucidated. The disruption of axonal transport is associated with several neurodegenerative diseases and might also play a role in diabetes-associated disorders affecting nervous system. We investigated the effect of diabetes (2 and 8 weeks duration) on KIF1A, KIF5B and dynein motor proteins, which are important for axonal transport, in the hippocampus. The mRNA expression of motor proteins was assessed by qRT-PCR, and also their protein levels by immunohistochemistry in hippocampal slices and immunoblotting in total extracts of hippocampus from streptozotocin-induced diabetic and age-matched control animals. Diabetes increased the expression and immunoreactivity of KIF1A and KIF5B in the hippocampus, but no alterations in dynein were detected. Since hyperglycemia is considered a major player in diabetic complications, the effect of a prolonged exposure to high glucose on motor proteins, mitochondria and synaptic proteins in hippocampal neurons was also studied, giving particular attention to changes in axons. Hippocampal cell cultures were exposed to high glucose (50 mM) or mannitol (osmotic control; 25 mM plus 25 mM glucose) for 7 days. In hippocampal cultures incubated with high glucose no changes were detected in the fluorescence intensity or number of accumulations related with mitochondria in the axons of hippocampal neurons. Nevertheless, high glucose increased the number of fluorescent accumulations of KIF1A and synaptotagmin-1 and decreased KIF5B, SNAP-25 and synaptophysin immunoreactivity specifically in axons of hippocampal neurons. These changes suggest that anterograde axonal transport mediated by these kinesins may be impaired in hippocampal neurons, which may lead to changes in synaptic proteins, thus contributing to changes in hippocampal neurotransmission and to cognitive and memory impairments.
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065515
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D IBILI - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CNC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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