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Title: Biophilia in pieces: Critical approach of a general concept
Authors: Lencastre, Marina Prieto Afonso
Vidal, Diogo Guedes 
Silva Lopes, Hélder
Curado, Maria José
Keywords: biophilia; adaptation; sensory systems; criticism; ecosocial and regenerative urban planning; urban green spaces
Issue Date: Sep-2023
Publisher: Asia Pacific Academy of Sciences Asia Pte. Ltd
Project: CM:HBS21 
Serial title, monograph or event: Environment and Social Psychology
Volume: 8
Issue: 3
Abstract: The biophilia hypothesis is critically approached in the context of evolutionary psychology, adaptation of the sensory systems and application to sustainable and urban planning, namely in the field of urban green spaces. From an evolutionary perspective, our biophilic tendencies are generally accepted and interpreted as an adaptation to natural environments, where the ability to connect with, and understand habitats and other living beings, was crucial to our survival. This statement is critically addressed by the paper, through a narrative review, namely by discussing biophilia and biphobia as general and specific adaptations, with different learning properties. Nevertheless, research on the health effects of the perceptive systems points to special selected mechanisms internal to the general biophilic adaptation. Criticism of the biophilia hypothesis is explored. The paper concludes by pointing to the importance of urban green spaces, both for the development of the biophilic predispositions and for sustainability and regenerative approaches in the cities.
DOI: 10.54517/esp.v8i3.1869
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CFE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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