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Title: Mesenchymal stem cells secretome-induced axonal outgrowth is mediated by BDNF
Authors: Martins, Luís F. 
Costa, Rui O. 
Pedro, Joana R. 
Aguiar, Paulo
Serra, Sofia C.
Teixeira, Fabio G.
Sousa, Nuno
Salgado, António J. 
Almeida, Ramiro D. 
Issue Date: 23-Jun-2017
Publisher: Springer Nature
Project: L.F.M. was supported by Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through the individual grant PD/ BD/114170/2016. R.O.C. was supported by Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) through the indivual grant SFRH/BPD/84593/2012. This work was financed by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), through the Centro 2020 Regional Operational Programme under project CENTRO-01–0145-FEDER- 000008:BrainHealth 2020, and through the COMPETE 2020 - Operational Programme for Competitiveness and Internationalisation and Portuguese national funds via FCT – Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, I.P., under projects PTDC/SAU-NEU/104100/2008, EXPL/NEU-NMC/0541/2012 and UID/NEU/04539/2013. This work was also funded by Marie Curie Actions - International reintegration grant #249288, 7th Framework programme, EU. Partially funded by Prémios Santa Casa Neurociências - Prize Melo e Castro for Spinal Cord Injury Research; Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (IF Development Grant to A.J.S.); NORTE-01- 0145-FEDER-000013, supported by the Northern Portugal Regional Operational Programme; by FEDER funds, through the Competitiveness Factors Operational Programme (COMPETE), and by national funds, through the Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT), under the scope of the project POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007038. 
Serial title, monograph or event: Scientific Reports
Volume: 7
Issue: 1
Abstract: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used for cell-based therapies in regenerative medicine, with increasing importance in central and peripheral nervous system repair. However, MSCs grafting present disadvantages, such as, a high number of cells required for transplantation and low survival rate when transplanted into the central nervous system (CNS). In line with this, MSCs secretome which present on its composition a wide range of molecules (neurotrophins, cytokines) and microvesicles, can be a solution to surpass these problems. However, the effect of MSCs secretome in axonal elongation is poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrate that application of MSCs secretome to both rat cortical and hippocampal neurons induces an increase in axonal length. In addition, we show that this growth effect is axonal intrinsic with no contribution from the cell body. To further understand which are the molecules required for secretome-induced axonal outgrowth effect, we depleted brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) from the secretome. Our results show that in the absence of BDNF, secretome-induced axonal elongation effect is lost and that axons present a reduced axonal growth rate. Altogether, our results demonstrate that MSCs secretome is able to promote axonal outgrowth in CNS neurons and this effect is mediated by BDNF.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-03592-1
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:IIIUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CNC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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