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Title: Polyploid lineages in the genus Porphyra
Authors: Varela-Álvarez, Elena
Loureiro, João 
Paulino, Cristina
Serrão, Ester A. 
Issue Date: 6-Jun-2018
Publisher: Springer Nature
Project: SFRH/BPD/109452/2015 
project NORIGENOMICS - PTDC/MAR/099698/2008 
Pew Marine Fellows attributed to EAS 
Serial title, monograph or event: Scientific Reports
Volume: 8
Issue: 1
Abstract: Whole genome duplication is now accepted as an important evolutionary force, but the genetic factors and the life history implications affecting the existence and abundance of polyploid lineages within species are still poorly known. Polyploidy has been mainly studied in plant model species in which the sporophyte is the dominant phase in their life history. In this study, we address such questions in a novel system (Porphyra, red algae) where the gametophyte is the dominant phase in the life history. Three Porphyra species (P. dioica, P. umbilicalis, and P. linearis) were used in comparisons of ploidy levels, genome sizes and genetic differentiation using flow cytometry and 11 microsatellite markers among putative polyploid lineages. Multiple ploidy levels and genome sizes were found in Porphyra species, representing different cell lines and comprising several cytotype combinations among the same and different individuals. In P. linearis, genetic differentiation was found among three polyploid lineages: triploid, tetraploid and mixoploids, representing different evolutionary units. We conclude that the gametophytic phase (n) in Porphyra species is not haploid, contradicting previous theories. New hypotheses for the life histories of Porphyra species are discussed.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-26796-5
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D CFE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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