Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/10316/107692
Title: mTOR Pathway in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Different Contributions of mTORC1 and mTORC2 Complexes for Tumor Behavior and SLC5A5 mRNA Expression
Authors: Tavares, Catarina 
Eloy, Catarina
Melo, Miguel 
Gaspar da Rocha, Adriana
Pestana, Ana 
Batista, Rui 
Bueno Ferreira, Luciana
Rios, Elisabete
Sobrinho-Simões, Manuel 
Soares, Paula 
Keywords: mTOR; thyroid cancer; sodium iodide symporter (NIS)/SLC5A5
Issue Date: 13-May-2018
Publisher: MDPI
Project: This study was supported by FCT (“Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology”) through PhD grants to Catarina Tavares (SFRH/BD/87887/2012), Ana Pestana (SFRH/BD/110617/2015), and Rui Batista (SFRH/BD/111321/2015) and by a CNPq PhD grant (“National Counsel of Technological and Scientific Development”, Brazil), Science without Borders, Process n# 237322/2012-9 for Luciana Ferreira. Miguel Melo received a grant from Genzyme for the research project “Molecular biomarkers of prognosis and response to therapy in differentiated thyroid carcinomas”. Further funding was obtained from FEDER—Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional funds through the COMPETE 2020—Operational Program for Competitiveness and Internationalization (POCI), Portugal 2020, and by Portuguese funds through FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia/Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação in the framework of the project "Institute for Research and Innovation in Health Sciences” (POCI-01-0145-FEDER-007274), and by the project “Advancing cancer research: from basic acknowledgement to application”; NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000029; “Projetos Estruturados de I&D&I, funded by Norte 2020-Programa Operacional Regional do Norte. This work was also financed by Sociedade Portuguesa de Endocrinologia Diabetes e Metabolismo through a grant “Prof. E. Limbert Sociedade Portuguesa de Endocrinologia Diabetes e Metabolismo/Sanofi-Genzyme in thyroid pathology”. 
Serial title, monograph or event: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume: 19
Issue: 5
Abstract: The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is overactivated in thyroid cancer (TC). We previously demonstrated that phospho-mTOR expression is associated with tumor aggressiveness, therapy resistance, and lower mRNA expression of SLC5A5 in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), while phospho-S6 (mTORC1 effector) expression was associated with less aggressive clinicopathological features. The distinct behavior of the two markers led us to hypothesize that mTOR activation may be contributing to a preferential activation of the mTORC2 complex. To approach this question, we performed immunohistochemistry for phospho-AKT Ser473 (mTORC2 effector) in a series of 182 PTCs previously characterized for phospho-mTOR and phospho-S6 expression. We evaluated the impact of each mTOR complex on SLC5A5 mRNA expression by treating cell lines with RAD001 (mTORC1 blocker) and Torin2 (mTORC1 and mTORC2 blocker). Phospho-AKT Ser473 expression was positively correlated with phospho-mTOR expression. Nuclear expression of phospho-AKT Ser473 was significantly associated with the presence of distant metastases. Treatment of cell lines with RAD001 did not increase SLC5A5 mRNA levels, whereas Torin2 caused a ~6 fold increase in SLC5A5 mRNA expression in the TPC1 cell line. In PTC, phospho-mTOR activation may lead to the activation of the mTORC2 complex. Its downstream effector, phospho-AKT Ser473, may be implicated in distant metastization, therapy resistance, and downregulation of SLC5A5 mRNA expression.
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10316/107692
ISSN: 1422-0067
DOI: 10.3390/ijms19051448
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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