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Title: Vegetation structure determines the spatial variability of soil biodiversity across biomes
Authors: Durán, Jorge 
Delgado-Baquerizo, Manuel 
Issue Date: 9-Dec-2020
Publisher: Springer Nature
Project: We would like to thank the researchers involved in the CLIMIFUN project for their help with soil samplings. J.D. was supported by the Fundação para Ciência e Tecnologia (IF/00950/2014) and the FEDER, within the PT2020 Partnership Agreement and COMPETE 2020 (UID/BIA/04004/2013). This work is carried out at the R&D Unit Center for Functional Ecology - Science for People and the Planet (CFE), with reference UIDB/04004/2020, financed by FCT/MCTES through national funds (PIDDAC). M.D-B. acknowledges support from the Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions of the Horizon 2020 Framework Programme H2020-MSCA-IF-2016 under REA grant agreement n° 702057 (CLIMIFUN) and the BES grant agreement n° LRA17\1193 (MUSGONET). 
Serial title, monograph or event: Scientific Reports
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Abstract: The factors controlling the spatial variability of soil biodiversity remain largely undetermined. We conducted a global field survey to evaluate how and why the within-site spatial variability of soil biodiversity (i.e. richness and community composition) changes across global biomes with contrasting soil ages, climates and vegetation types. We found that the spatial variability of bacteria, fungi, protists, and invertebrates is positively correlated across ecosystems. We also show that the spatial variability of soil biodiversity is mainly controlled by changes in vegetation structure driven by soil age and aridity. Areas with high plant cover, but low spatial heterogeneity, were associated with low levels of spatial variability in soil biodiversity. Further, our work advances the existence of significant, undescribed links between the spatial variability of soil biodiversity and key ecosystem functions. Taken together, our findings indicate that reductions in plant cover (e.g., via desertification, increases in aridity, or deforestation), are likely to increase the spatial variability of multiple soil organisms and that such changes are likely to negatively impact ecosystem functioning across global biomes.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-78483-z
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CFE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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