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Title: Car drivers' road safety performance: A benchmark across 32 countries
Authors: Pires, Carlos 
Torfs, Katrien
Areal, Alain
Goldenbeld, Charles
Vanlaar, Ward
Granié, Marie-Axelle
Stürmer, Yvonne Achermann
Usami, Davide Shingo
Kaiser, Susanne
Jankowska-Karpa, Dagmara
Nikolaou, Dimitrios
Holte, Hardy
Kakinuma, Toru
Trigoso, José
Van den Berghe, Wouter
Meesmann, Uta
Keywords: ESRA; Road safety; Safety performance indicators; Behaviour in traffic
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Serial title, monograph or event: IATSS Research
Volume: 44
Issue: 3
Abstract: The road safety performance of a country and the success of policymeasures can be measured and monitored in different ways. In addition to the traditional road safety indicators based on the number of fatalities or injured people in road traffic crashes, complementary road safety performance indicators can be used in relation to vehicles, infrastructure, or road users' behaviour. The last-mentioned can be based on data from roadside surveys or from questionnaire surveys. However, results of such surveys are seldom comparable across countries due to differences in aims, scope, or methodology. This paper is based on the second edition of the E-Survey of Road Users' Attitudes (ESRA), an online survey carried out in 2018, and includes data frommore than 35,000 road users across 32 countries. The objective is to present the main results of the ESRA survey regarding the four most important risky driving behaviours in traffic: driving under the influence (alcohol/drugs), speeding, mobile phone use while driving, and fatigued driving. The paper explores several aspects related to these behaviours as car driver, such as the self-declared behaviours, acceptability and risk perception, support for policy measures, and opinions on traffic rules and penalties. Results show that despite the high perception of risk and low acceptability of all the risky driving behaviours analysed, there is still a high percentage of car drivers who engage in risky behaviours in traffic in all the regions analysed. Speeding and the use of amobile phonewhile drivingwere themost frequent self-declared behaviours. On the other hand, driving under the influence of alcohol or drugswas the least declared behaviour.Most respondents support policy measures to restrict risky behaviour in traffic and believe that traffic rules are not being checked regularly enough, and should be stricter. The ESRA survey proved to be a valuable source of information to understand the causes underlying road traffic crashes. It offers a unique database and provides policy makers and researcherswith valuable insights into public perception of road safety.
ISSN: 03861112
DOI: 10.1016/j.iatssr.2020.08.002
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CINEICC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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