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Title: A Novel Approach to Measuring Spatiotemporal Changes in Social Vulnerability at the Local Level in Portugal
Authors: Santos, Pedro Pinto 
Zêzere, José Luís
Pereira, Susana
Rocha, Jorge
Tavares, Alexandre Oliveira 
Keywords: AMPI normalization; Portugal; Social vulnerability; Spatiotemporal changes
Issue Date: 28-Nov-2022
Publisher: SpringerOpen
Project: PTDC/GES-AMB/30052/2017 
Serial title, monograph or event: International Journal of Disaster Risk Science
Abstract: Social vulnerability, as one of the risk components, partially explains the magnitude of the impacts observed after a disaster. In this study, a spatiotemporally comparable assessment of social vulnerability and its drivers was conducted in Portugal, at the civil parish level, for three census frames. The first challenging step consisted of the selection of meaningful and consistent variables over time. Data were normalized using the Adjusted Mazziotta-Pareto Index (AMPI) to obtain comparable adimensional-normalized values. A joint principal component analysis (PCA) was applied, resulting in a robust set of variables, interpretable from the point of view of their self-grouping around vulnerability drivers. A separate PCA for each census was also conducted, which proved to be useful in analyzing changes in the composition and type of drivers, although only the joint PCA allows the monitoring of spatiotemporal changes in social vulnerability scores and drivers from 1991 to 2011. A general improvement in social vulnerability was observed for Portugal. The two main drivers are the economic condition (PC1), and aging and depopulation (PC2). The remaining drivers highlighted are uprooting and internal mobility, and daily commuting. Census data proved their value in the territorial, social, and demographic characterization of the country, to support medium- and long-term disaster risk reduction measures.
ISSN: 2095-0055
DOI: 10.1007/s13753-022-00455-w
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CES - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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