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|Title:||Metabolic Impact of Anticancer Drugs Pd2Spermine and Cisplatin on the Brain of Healthy Mice||Authors:||Carneiro, Tatiana J.
Neves, João R.
Carvalho, Ana L. M. Batista de
Marques, Maria Paula M.
Gil, Ana M.
|Keywords:||palladium(II); platinum(II); spermine; Pd2Spm; cisplatin; toxicity; mice; brain extracts; NMR; metabolomics||Issue Date:||22-Jan-2022||Publisher:||MDPI||Project:||UIDB/50011/2020
FCT - Ph.D. grant PD/BD/135460/2017
FCT - Ph.D. grant SFRH/BD/145920/2019
|Serial title, monograph or event:||Pharmaceutics||Volume:||14||Issue:||2||Abstract:||The new palladium agent Pd2Spermine (Spm) has been reported to exhibit promising cytotoxic properties, while potentially circumventing the known disadvantages associated to cisplatin therapeutics, namely acquired resistance and high toxicity. This work presents a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics study of brain extracts obtained from healthy mice, to assess the metabolic impacts of the new Pd2Spm complex in comparison to that of cisplatin. The proton NMR spectra of both polar and nonpolar brain extracts were analyzed by multivariate and univariate statistics, unveiling several metabolite variations during the time course of exposition to each drug (1-48 h). The distinct time-course dependence of such changes revealed useful information on the drug-induced dynamics of metabolic disturbances and recovery periods, namely regarding amino acids, nucleotides, fatty acids, and membrane precursors and phospholipids. Putative biochemical explanations were proposed, based on existing pharmacokinetics data and previously reported metabolic responses elicited by the same metal complexes in the liver of the same animals. Generally, results suggest a more effective response of brain metabolism towards the possible detrimental effects of Pd2Spm, with more rapid recovery back to metabolites' control levels and, thus, indicating that the palladium drug may exert a more beneficial role than cDDP in relation to brain toxicity.||URI:||http://hdl.handle.net/10316/103453||ISSN:||1999-4923||DOI:||10.3390/pharmaceutics14020259||Rights:||openAccess|
|Appears in Collections:||FCTUC Química - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais|
FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
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