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Title: Calculation of Permeability Coefficients from Solute Equilibration Dynamics: An Assessment of Various Methods
Authors: Cordeiro, Margarida M. 
Salvador, Armindo 
Moreno, Maria João 
Keywords: membrane permeation; kinetic modelling; lipophilicity; permeation of weak acids; membrane sequestration; drug availability; lipid membranes; liposomes
Issue Date: 23-Feb-2022
Project: UIDB/04539/2020 
Serial title, monograph or event: Membranes
Volume: 12
Issue: 3
Abstract: Predicting the rate at which substances permeate membrane barriers in vivo is crucial for drug development. Permeability coefficients obtained from in vitro studies are valuable for this goal. These are normally determined by following the dynamics of solute equilibration between two membrane-separated compartments. However, the correct calculation of permeability coefficients from such data is not always straightforward. To address these problems, here we develop a kinetic model for solute permeation through lipid membrane barriers that includes the two membrane leaflets as compartments in a four-compartment model. Accounting for solute association with the membrane allows assessing various methods in a wide variety of conditions. The results showed that the often-used expression Papp = β × r/3 is inapplicable to very large or very small vesicles, to moderately or highly lipophilic solutes, or when the development of a significant pH gradient opposes the solute's flux. We establish useful relationships that overcome these limitations and allow predicting permeability in compartmentalised in vitro or in vivo systems with specific properties. Finally, from the parameters for the interaction of the solute with the membrane barrier, we defined an intrinsic permeability coefficient that facilitates quantitative comparisons between solutes.
ISSN: 2077-0375
DOI: 10.3390/membranes12030254
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CQC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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