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Title: Positive Mental Health in University Students and Its Relations with Psychological Vulnerability, Mental Health Literacy, and Sociodemographic Characteristics: A Descriptive Correlational Study
Authors: Teixeira, Sónia
Ferré-Grau, Carme
Canut, Teresa Lluch
Pires, Regina
Carvalho, José Carlos
Ribeiro, Isilda
Sequeira, Carolina
Rodrigues, Teresa
Sampaio, Francisco
Costa, Tiago
Sequeira, Carlos Alberto
Keywords: mental health; mental health literacy; psychological vulnerability; health promotion; adult
Issue Date: 2022
Project: “Portuguese Society of Mental Health Nursing (ASPESM)” and CINTESIS, R&D Unit (reference UID/IC/4255/2019). 
Serial title, monograph or event: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume: 19
Issue: 6
Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate positive mental health (PMH) and its relation with sociodemographic characteristics, mental health literacy, and the psychological vulnerability scale (PVS) in Portuguese university students aged 17 to 62. A descriptive correlational study was carried out. An online survey was conducted to evaluate demographic variables, and several questionnaires were applied to evaluate positive mental health, psychological vulnerability, and mental health literacy. The data was collected from 1 November 2019 to 1 September 2020. Overall, 3405 students participated in the study. The results show that 67.8% of students revealed a high level of PMH, 31.6% presented a medium level of PMH, and 0.6% had a low level of PMH. Male students reported higher personal satisfaction (t (3170) = -2.39, p = 0.017) and autonomy (t (3170) = -3.33, p = 0.001) in PMH compared to female students. Students without a scholarship scored higher (t (3127) = -2.04, p = 0.42) in PMH than students who held a scholarship. Students who were not displaced from their home reported higher (t (3170) = -1.99, p = 0.047) self-control in PMH than those displaced from their home. University students with higher PMH results had lower PVS results and higher literacy results. The findings of this study will contribute to identifying students' PMH intervention needs.
ISSN: 1660-4601
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph19063185
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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