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Title: Older Europeans' experience of unmet health care during the COVID-19 pandemic (first wave)
Authors: Tavares, Aida Isabel 
Keywords: Unmet health care; COVID-19 pandemic; Europe; SHARE
Issue Date: 12-Feb-2022
Serial title, monograph or event: BMC Health Services Research
Volume: 22
Issue: 1
Abstract: Background: During the COVID-19 pandemic the utilization of health services has changed. People were living in a very different social, economic and epidemiological context. Unmet health care is expected to happen. The purposes of this work are i) to compare the differences between unmet care across countries, ii) to find the main factors which are associated with unmet health care, which includes giving up and postponing medical care, as well as denial of medical care provision by the health services, and iii) to determine if health systems’ characteristics and government decisions on lockdown were related to unmet care. Methods: We have used the most recent dataset collected by the SHARE-COVID Survey during the summer of 2020. These data cover all EU countries and are applied to people over 50. We have estimated a set of logistic regressions to explain unmet health care. Results: The results indicate that women, people who are slightly younger, with higher education and income, who find it hard to make ends meet each month, and people with poorer health were more likely to experience unmet health care. We also found that in health systems with high out-of-pocket payments people are more likely to give up health care while in countries with previous high levels of unmet health needs this likelihood was the opposite; people in countries with a high number of beds per capita and with a Beveridge-type health system were reporting less postponement of health care. Conclusion: Some policy measures may be suggested such as social and economic measures to mitigate loss of income, expansion of the points and forms of access to health care to improve utilisation.
ISSN: 1472-6963
DOI: 10.1186/s12913-022-07563-9
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CEISUC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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