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Title: Modulation of sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium pump activity by membrane fluidity
Authors: Almeida, Leonor M. 
Vaz, Winchil L. C. 
Zachariasse, Klaas A. 
Madeira, Vítor M. C. 
Issue Date: Sep-1984
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Citation: Biochemistry. 23:20 (1984) 4714-4720
Abstract: Intramolecular excimerization of 1,3-di- l-pyrenylpropane [Py(3)Py] was used to assess the fluidity of sarcoplasmic reticulum membranes (SR); on the basis of the spectral data, the probe incorporates completely inside the membrane probably somewhere close to the polar head groups of phospholipid molecules, however not in the very hydrophobic core. The excimerization rate is very sensitive to lipid phase transitions, as revealed by thermal profiles of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) bilayers. Cholesterol abolishes pretransitions and broadens the thermal profiles of the main transitions which vanish completely at 50 mol % sterol. Excimer formation in liposomes of SR total lipid extracts does not show any sharp transitions, as in the case of DMPC and DPPC. However, the plots display discontinuities at about 20 OC which are broadened by cholesterol and not observed at 50 mol % sterol. Also cholesterol has been incorporated in native SR membranes by an exchange technique allowing progressive enrichment without changing the phospholipid/protein molar ratio. As in liposomes, discontinuities of excimer formation at 20 OC are broadened by cholesterol enrichment. The full activity of uncoupled Ca*+-ATPase is only affected by cholesterol above a molar ratio to phospholipid of 0.4. However, a significant decrease in activity (about 20%) is only noticed at a ratio of 0.6 (the highest technically achieved); at this ratio, about 28 lipid molecules per CaZ+-ATPase are expected to be relatively free from cholesterol interaction. The vesicle structure is still intact at this high ratio, as judged from the absence of basal activity (not Ca2+ stimulated). However, the sterol significantly decreases to about 60% the energetic efficiency of Ca2+ pumping (CaZ+/ATP ratio).
ISSN: 0006-2960
DOI: 10.1021/bi00315a029
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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