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Title: Muon-Spin-Rotation study of yttria-stabilized zirconia (ZrO2:Y): Evidence for muon and electron separate traps
Authors: Vieira, R. B. L. 
Vilão, R. C. 
Gordo, P. M. 
Marinopoulos, Apostolos 
Alberto, H. V. 
Duarte, J. Piroto
Gil, J. M. 
Weidinger, A. 
Lord, J. S. 
Issue Date: 2014
Project: project PEst-C/FIS/UI0036/2014 
'Research Infrastructures' action of the 'Capacities' Programme, NMI3-II Grant number 283883, contract no: CP-CSA INFRA-2008-1.1.1 Number 226507-NMI3. 
FCT - PhD grant SFRH/BD/87343/2012 
Serial title, monograph or event: Journal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume: 551
Issue: 1
Abstract: This paper is part of an extended study of oxide materials with the SR technique. As an example, we present here experimental data on yttria-stabilized zirconia (ZrO2 doped with 8% Y2O3). Three di erent muon states can be distinguished: i) Deep muonium (less than 17(1)% fraction), seen as a fast-relaxing signal or indirectly via decoupling measurements in high longitudinal elds, ii) + in a paramagnetic environment 62(6)% fraction), characterized by a very weak but clearly-visible hyper ne interaction, and iii) diamagnetic muon 21(1)% fraction); the diamagnetic signal is broadened only by the interaction with nuclear moments. The state corresponding to + in a paramagnetic environment and the diamagnetic state are attributed to the same (oxygen-bound) muon con guration, but we assume that they have di erent electron surroundings (with or without an unpaired electron in the vicinity). The paramagnetic electron is not captured in the Coulomb potential of the positive muon but is self-trapped (polaron formation) at a nearby Zr ion. The distant electron interacts with the muon only via dipolar magnetic elds. This explains the very weak hyper ne interaction felt by the + state in a paramagnetic environment. A further result of the experiment is that the disappearance of this signal with increasing temperature is not due to ionization of an electron shallowly bound to the muon but is caused by rapid spin uctuations of the electron, averaging the hyper ne interaction to zero.
ISSN: 1742-6596
DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/551/1/012050
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Física - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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