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Title: Autonomous System for Wildfire and Forest Fire Early Detection and Control
Authors: Ferreira, Luís Miguel 
Coimbra, A. Paulo 
Almeida, Aníbal T. de 
Keywords: forest fires; wildfire firefighting; fire detection; autonomous systems; infrared fire sensor
Issue Date: 2020
Project: ”FIREPROTECT - Sistemas de Proteção de Pessoas e Elementos Críticos Expostos a Incêndios Florestais”, grant number Centro-01-0246-FEDER-000015 
UID/EEA/00048/2020, financed by FCT—Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior; ADAI 
Serial title, monograph or event: Inventions
Volume: 5
Issue: 3
Abstract: Recurring and increasing large-scale wildfires across the globe (e.g., Southern Europe, California, Australia), as a result of worsening climate conditions with record temperatures, drought, and strong winds, present a challenge to mankind. Early fire detection is crucial for a quick reaction and e ective firefighting operations, minimizing the risk to human lives as well as the destruction of assets, infrastructures, forests, and wildlife. Usually, ground firefighting relies on human intervention and dangerous exposition to high temperatures and radiation levels, proving the need for mechanisms and techniques to remotely or autonomously detect and combat fire. This paper proposes an autonomous firefighting system built with a motorized water turret, narrow beam far infrared (FIR) sensors, and a micro-controller running novel algorithms and techniques. Experimental field results validated the technical approach, indicating that when a small fire front is within the field of view of the FIR sensor and within the range of the water jet, it is possible to provide an early alarm and even autonomously extinguish or delay the approaching fire front, increasing the chance for evacuation.
ISSN: 2411-5134
DOI: 10.3390/inventions5030041
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D ISR - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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