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Title: Photochemistry of 1-Phenyl-4-Allyl-Tetrazol-5-One: A Theoretical Study Contribution towards Mechanism Elucidation
Authors: Duque-Prata, Amilcar 
Serpa, Carlos 
Caridade, Pedro J. S. B. 
Keywords: density functional theory; photochemistry; tetrazoles; reaction pathway; triplet state
Issue Date: 2021
Project: FCT - UIDB/00313/2020 
Serial title, monograph or event: Applied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume: 11
Issue: 9
Abstract: The photodegradation mechanism of 1-phenyl-4-allyl-tetrazol-5-one has been studied using (time-dependent) density functional theory with the M06-HF, B3LYP, and PBE0 functionals and the VDZ basis set. All calculations have been carried out using the polarizable continuum model to simulate the solvent effects of methanol. The reaction pathway evolution on the triplet state has been characterised to validate a previously postulated experimental-based mechanism. The transition states and minimums have been initially located by local scanning in partial constrained optimisation, followed by a fully relaxed search procedure. The UV spectra has shown to be better described with PBE0 functional when compared with the experimental results, having the M06-HF a shift of 40 nm. From the energetic point of view, the postulated mechanism has been validated in this work showing a concerted photoextrusion of the N2 molecule. The intramolecular proton transfer occurs at a later stage of the mechanism after cyclization of the allyl group on a triplet biradical intermediate. The photoproduct observed experimentally, a pyrimidinone, has been characterised. The infrared spectroscopic reaction profile has also been proposed.
ISSN: 2076-3417
DOI: 10.3390/app11094045
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CQC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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