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Title: Impact of catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction
Authors: Ribeiro, Joana Maria
Sousa, Pedro A.
António, Natália 
Baptista, Rui 
Elvas, Luís 
Barra, Sérgio
Gonçalves, Lino 
Keywords: Atrial fibrillation; Catheter ablation; Heart failure; Left ventricular systolic dysfunction
Issue Date: 2021
Serial title, monograph or event: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia
Volume: 40
Issue: 6
Abstract: Introduction and Aims: Catheter ablation has been shown to improve left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and heart failure (HF). Our aim was to assess the impact of AF ablation on the outcome of patients with HF and LV systolic dysfunction. Methods: We performed a retrospective observational cohort study of all patients with HF and LVEF <50% and with no apparent cause for systolic dysfunction other than AF who underwent catheter ablation in a tertiary referral center between July 2016 and November 2018. The primary endpoint was a ≥5% improvement in LVEF. Secondary endpoints included improvement in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class and reduction in LV end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) and left atrial diameter (LAD). Results: Of 153 patients who underwent AF ablation in this period, 22 (77% male, median age 61 [IQR 54-64] years) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Median follow-up was 11.1 months (IQR 6.1- 19.0). After ablation, median LVEF increased from 40% (IQR 33-41) to 58% (IQR 55-62) (p<0.01), mean NYHA class improved from 2.35±0.49 to 1.3±0.47 (p<0.001), and median LAD and LVEDD decreased from 48.0 (IQR 43.5-51.5) mm to 44 (IQR 40-49) mm (p<0.01) and from 61.0 (IQR 54.0-64.8) mm to 55.0 (52.2-58.0) mm (p<0.01), respectively.
ISSN: 08702551
DOI: 10.1016/j.repc.2020.08.014
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FMUC Medicina - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais
I&D ICBR - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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