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Title: Environment Controls Seasonal and Daily Cycles of Stem Diameter Variations in Portuguese Oak (Quercus faginea Lambert)
Authors: Vieira, Joana 
Campelo, Filipe 
Nabais, Cristina 
Keywords: dendrometers; growth dynamics; Mediterranean; native forest; stem growth diameter
Issue Date: 2022
Project: UIDB/04004/2020 
Serial title, monograph or event: Forests
Volume: 13
Issue: 2
Abstract: Tree growth takes place at different time scales ranging from hours to days. To understand growth responses to climate, continuous high-resolution measurements of tree diameter variations are needed, which are usually obtained with automatic dendrometers. Here, we monitored stem diameter increment of Quercus faginea Lambert growing in central Portugal to determine the effect of climate on daily and seasonal growth dynamics during the 2013 growing season. Stem diameter variation presented a unimodal seasonal pattern characterized by an exponential phase in spring followed by a plateau during summer, interrupted by an abrupt increase in autumn caused by rainfall. Stem diameter increment started in March when the temperature was above 10 C. Stem diameter variation showed a double climatic constrain, with temperature limiting growth in spring and precipitation in summer. The amplitude of the daily cycles of stem variation was higher in summer, as well as the expansion phase length, meaning that trees needed longer to replenish the water lost through transpiration during the day. The absence of a pronounced stem shrinkage during the summer suggests that Q. faginea has access to water over the whole growing season. Our results indicate that this species relies on deep soil water reserves and can be physiologically active during summer drought.
ISSN: 1999-4907
DOI: 10.3390/f13020170
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CFE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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