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Title: Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration in myrtle (Myrtaceae)
Authors: Canhoto, Jorge 
Lopes, Maria 
Cruz, Gil 
Issue Date: 1999
Citation: Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture. 57:1 (1999) 13-21
Abstract: Abstract Somatic embryos of myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) were induced from mature zygotic embryos cultured in MS medium supplemented with several concentrations of 2,4-D (2.26 µM – 18.98 µM) or Picloram (2.07 µM – 16.5 µM) combined with 0.087 M or 0.23 M sucrose. For all the concentrations of 2,4-D or Picloram tested, 0.087 M sucrose proved to be more effective than 0.23 M. The best frequencies of induction were obtained in a medium containing 2.26 µM 2,4-D in which 97.3% of the explants produced somatic embryos. Although most embryos were produced from the adaxial side of the cotyledons, some of them differentiated from the hypocotyl. Secondary somatic embryos were often seen arising from the periphery of the former somatic embryos. Somatic embryo development was not synchronous but practically all the embryos germinated well after being transferred to media containing GA3 (0.29, 0.58 and 1.44 µM) alone. When benzyladenine was combined with gibberellic acid, germinating somatic embryos produced adventitious shoot buds which contributed to an increase in plantlet regeneration. Histological observations suggested that somatic embryos arise from the upper surface of the cotyledons probably from peripheral cells. Polyphenol-rich cells were usually seen in association with meristematic-like cells from which somatic embryos originate or with earlier steps of somatic embryo differentiation. Regenerated plants were phenotypically normal, showing a diploid (2n = 22) set of chromosomes.
DOI: 10.1023/A:1006273128228
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FCTUC Ciências da Vida - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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