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Title: Resveratrol affords protection against peroxynitrite-mediated endothelial cell death: A role for intracellular glutathione
Authors: Brito, Paula M. 
Mariano, Anabela 
Almeida, Leonor M. 
Dinis, Teresa C. P. 
Keywords: Resveratrol; Intracellular glutathione; Peroxynitrite; Cell death; Atherosclerosis
Issue Date: 2006
Citation: Chemico-Biological Interactions. 164:3 (2006) 157-166
Abstract: Atherosclerosis, the main cause of cardiovascular disease (CD), is a chronic inflammatory condition associated with an overproduction of oxidant species, namely peroxynitrite, which is a powerful oxidant that reacts directly with all biomolecules. Glutathione is an efficient scavenger of peroxynitrite, so, modulation of glutathione synthesis may provide a strategy to selectively protect cells from this oxidant. Here, we investigated the ability of resveratrol, a component of red wine, to prevent peroxynitrite-mediated endothelial cells toxicity and the underlying mechanism. Bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) in primary cultures were treated with authentic peroxynitrite and the cell viability and intracellular glutathione contents were assessed. Our results demonstrate that a long pre-incubation (14 h) of BAEC with resveratrol (1-50 [mu]M) leads to the endothelial cells rescue from injury triggered by authentic peroxynitrite by a mechanism of up-regulation of the intracellular GSH content, for the highest resveratrol concentration tested. Considering the importance of GSH in regulation of cell life, this capacity of resveratrol provides a new mechanism for its cardioprotective effects and may contribute to the development of novel therapeutic strategies.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cbi.2006.09.007
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUC- Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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