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Title: Turning eating psychopathology risk factors into action. The pervasive effect of body image-related cognitive fusion
Authors: Ferreira, C. 
Palmeira, L. 
Trindade, Inês A. 
Keywords: Body image-related cognitive fusion;; Eating psychopathology;; Social rank;; BMI;; Body image dissatisfaction
Issue Date: 2014
Abstract: Body image dissatisfaction and unfavourable social comparisons are indubitable major risk factors to eating psychopathology. Nevertheless, the impact of these negative experiences depends on the cognitive and emotional processes involved. Previous research has shown that cognitive fusion is a nuclear process linked to psychological inflexibility, but its role on body image and eating difficulties remains unclear. This study aims to explore a model of the mediational role of body image-related cognitive fusion (CF-BI) on the relationship between the main risk factors and eating psychopathology in a sample of 345 female students. Results from path analyses show that the impact of unfavorable social comparisons on eating psychopathology is fully mediated by CF_BI. Moreover, CF-BI also revealed a mediational effect on the relationship between body image dissatisfaction and the severity of eating symptoms, in spite of the fact that a direct effect of body dissatisfaction still exists. The tested model accounts for 66% of eating psychopathology severity and highlights the crucial role that cognitive fusion, in the specific domain of body image, plays in the relationship between risk factors and the severity of disordered eating attitudes and behaviours. Furthermore, these findings present empirical support for the relevance of addressing acceptance and cognitive defusion techniques to prevent and treat eating disorders.
Description: Ferreira, C., Palmeira, L., & Trindade, I. A. (2014). Turning eating psychopathology risk factors into action. The pervasive effect of body image-related cognitive fusion. Appetite, 80(1), 137–142. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2014.05.019.
DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2014.05.019
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CINEICC - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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