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Title: Biosurfactants: Properties and Applications in Drug Delivery, Biotechnology and Ecotoxicology
Authors: Bjerk, Thiago R
Severino, Patricia
Jain, Sona
Marques, Conrado
Silva, Amélia M. 
Pashirova, Tatiana
Souto, Eliana B. 
Keywords: bioengineering; biosurfactants; antimicrobials; drug delivery; polymeric matrices; hydrogels
Issue Date: 13-Aug-2021
Publisher: MDPI AG
Project: M-ERA-NET/0004/2015 (PAIRED) 
UIDB/04033/2020 (CITAB) 
FRC Kazan Scientific Center of Russian Academy of Sciences 
Serial title, monograph or event: Bioengineering
Volume: 8
Issue: 8
Abstract: Surfactants are amphiphilic compounds having hydrophilic and hydrophobic moieties in their structure. They can be of synthetic or of microbial origin, obtained respectively from chemical synthesis or from microorganisms' activity. A new generation of ecofriendly surfactant molecules or biobased surfactants is increasingly growing, attributed to their versatility of applications. Surfactants can be used as drug delivery systems for a range of molecules given their capacity to create micelles which can promote the encapsulation of bioactives of pharmaceutical interest; besides, these assemblies can also show antimicrobial properties. The advantages of biosurfactants include their high biodegradability profile, low risk of toxicity, production from renewable sources, functionality under extreme pH and temperature conditions, and long-term physicochemical stability. The application potential of these types of polymers is related to their properties enabling them to be processed by emulsification, separation, solubilization, surface (interfacial) tension, and adsorption for the production of a range of drug delivery systems. Biosurfactants have been employed as a drug delivery system to improve the bioavailability of a good number of drugs that exhibit low aqueous solubility. The great potential of these molecules is related to their auto assembly and emulsification capacity. Biosurfactants produced from bacteria are of particular interest due to their antibacterial, antifungal, and antiviral properties with therapeutic and biomedical potential. In this review, we discuss recent advances and perspectives of biosurfactants with antimicrobial properties and how they can be used as structures to develop semisolid hydrogels for drug delivery, in environmental bioremediation, in biotechnology for the reduction of production costs and also their ecotoxicological impact as pesticide alternative.
ISSN: 2306-5354
DOI: 10.3390/bioengineering8080115
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:FFUC- Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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