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Title: Integrating buccal and occlusal dental microwear with isotope analyses for a complete paleodietary reconstruction of Holocene populations from Hungary
Authors: Hernando, Raquel
Gamarra, Beatriz 
McCall, Ashley
Cheronet, Olivia
Fernandes, Daniel 
Sirak, Kendra 
Schmidt, Ryan
Lozano, Marina
Szeniczey, Tamás
Hajdu, Tamás
Bárány, Annamária
Kalli, András
Tutkovics, Eszter K
Köhler, Kitti
Kiss, Krisztián
Koós, Judit
Csengeri, Piroska
Király, Ágnes
Horváth, Antónia
Hajdu, Melinda L
Tóth, Krisztián
Patay, Róbert
Feeney, Robin N M
Pinhasi, Ron 
Issue Date: 2021
Project: URV Martí-Franquès Research Grant (URV 2019PMF-PIPF-59). 
Beatriu de Pinós Post-doctoral fellowship (2017 BP 00210) from AGAUR, Government of Catalonia 
Irish Research Council Post-Graduate grant GOIPG/2013/36 
Goverment of Ireland Postgraduate Scholarship Programme grant GOIPG/2015/2275 
HungarianResearch, Development and Innovation Office (project id. FK128013) 
Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation through the “María de Maeztu” program for Units of Excellence (CEX2019-000945-M) 
AGAUR (Ref. 2017SGR1040), URV (Ref. 2019PFR-URV-91) and the MICINN/FEDER (Ref. PGC2018-093925-B-C32) 
Horizon 2020-Marie Slodowska Curie Actions (IF-2015-703373) project 
Serial title, monograph or event: Scientific Reports
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Abstract: Dietary reconstruction is used to make inferences about the subsistence strategies of ancient human populations, but it may also serve as a proxy to characterise their diverse cultural and technological manifestations. Dental microwear and stable isotope analyses have been shown to be successful techniques for paleodietary reconstruction of ancient populations but, despite yielding complementary dietary information, these techniques have rarely been combined within the same study. Here we present for the first time a comprehensive approach to interpreting ancient lifeways through the results of buccal and occlusal microwear, and δ13C and δ15N isotope analyses applied to the same individuals of prehistoric populations of Hungary from the Middle Neolithic to the Late Bronze Age periods. This study aimed to (a) assess if the combination of techniques yields a more precise assessment of past dietary and subsistence practices, and (b) contribute to our understanding of the dietary patterns of the prehistoric Hungarian populations. Overall, no correlations between microwear and δ13C and δ15N isotope variables were observed, except for a relationship between nitrogen and the vertical and horizontal index. However, we found that diachronic differences are influenced by the variation within the period. Particularly, we found differences in microwear and isotope variables between Middle Neolithic sites, indicating that there were different dietary practices among those populations. Additionally, microwear results suggest no changes in the abrasiveness of the diet, neither food processing methods, despite higher C4 plant resource consumption shown by carbon isotopic signal. Thus, we demonstrate that the integration of dental microwear and carbon and nitrogen stable isotope methodologies can provide complementary information for making inferences about paleodietary habits.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-86369-x
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CIAS - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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