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Title: Adoption of the no-tillage system in Paraná State: A (re)view
Authors: Possamai, Edivan José
Conceição, Paulo Cesar
Amadori, Caroline
Bartz, Marie Luise Carolina 
Ralisch, Ricardo
Vicensi, Marcelo
Marx, Ericson Fagundes
Keywords: conservation agriculture; participatory quality index; soil management; crop rotation; no-tillage system
Issue Date: 2022
Serial title, monograph or event: Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do Solo
Volume: 46
Abstract: The concept of a no-tillage system (NTS), or “Sistema Plantio Direto,” was established in Brazil from the evolution of no-tillage (NT) or “Plantio Direto,” given the edaphoclimatic conditions and the need to promote chemical, physical and biological improvements in cultivated soils. While “Plantio Direto” is a conservationist practice, “Sistema Plantio Direto” presents itself as an agricultural production system based on the simultaneous adoption of minimum soil disturbance, maintenance of permanent soil cover and crop rotation. This study reviews the concepts of “Plantio Direto” and “Sistema Plantio Direto” in the Brazilian literature and uses two case studies in Paraná State to demonstrate the practical implications of these concepts. These two terms and their variations are recurrent themes in Brazilian scientific research and the professional environment, and may occur erroneously, hindering their adoption, results and implications. Regarding the “Sistema Plantio Direto,” we highlight the need to clarify the concepts of its basic practices to parameterize and characterize this process. The definition of crop rotation, for example, requires limits on the number of species along a given time scale, thus enabling their identification. Regarding the case studies, most grain crops conducted in Paraná State did not adopt the “Sistema Plantio Direto,” mainly neglecting the component of crop rotation. Nevertheless, the use of the “no-tillage system participatory quality index” (PQI) tool can contribute to the assessment and monitoring of the quality of the “Sistema Plantio Direto.” However, it requires adjustments to differentiate the “Sistema Plantio Direto” from the “Plantio Direto.”
ISSN: 1806-9657
DOI: 10.36783/18069657rbcs20210104
Rights: openAccess
Appears in Collections:I&D CFE - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais

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